This is a mixed use scheme regenerating the hinterland of a town including 400 houses and over 100,000 square feet of industrial space. The scheme provides a high quality residential neighbourhood, on the northern part of the site, built in phases, which will cross – fund new good quality industrial facilities in the southern part.
The redevelopment has at the heart of it, a new commercial centre which includes, Live/work units of 66,000 sq ft total, Retail Units of 8,000 sq ft, convinience store 7,000 sq ft, office Space: 21,000 sq ft and Community space of 4,500 sq ft.
Glenrothes was established in 1948 as Scotland’s second new town, providing housing for miners at the experimental Rothes Colliery. Within 4 years the mine was affected by uncontrollable flooding and the state-of-the art facility shut, leaving only the huge concrete mine head standing at Thornton. The planning, development, management and promotion of Glenrothes was the responsibility of the Glenrothes Development Corporation (GDC). Following the colliery’s failure, alternative employment opportunities had to be found and the emphasis wasswitched to attracting new industries, including the manufacturingof electronic components, computers, and plastics. First generation industrial estates were developed to accommodate these new technologies. Over one million square feet of employment floor space was built along with 5000 Council homes, with many occupants derived from Glasgow overspill and the failing coalfields of the Lothians.
The masterplan has been designed so that within phase one, additional screen planting can be established which will add to the already quite dense planting along the main access/ spine road (Whitehill Road). The planting has been designed to be retained for the later phases to create screening of future housing from the main spine road.
The overall design approach sensitively takes into consideration thehistory of Glenrothes and the local vernacular of the surrounding Fife.Reference has been made to the Fife Urban Design Guide along withother publications such as the Planning advice note on New ResidentialStreets, Housing Quality and a policy statement for Scotland: Designing Places.In developing the proposal, historic towns of Fife have been studied asworking examples, in terms of the built environment. The principles
exemplified by ‘New Urbanism’; of reviving the public realm, pursuingtraditional and historic principles to promote interesting, vibrant,sustainable communities is fundamental to the proposed new community.