One of London’s grand, tidy Georgian squares, Fitzroy Square and its surrounds are the culmination of a series of developments begun in the last decade of the eighteenth century by Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron of Southampton. The eastern and southern sides of the square, designed by Robert Adam, were finished in 1798.
Brooks Murray were appointed to prepare a planning application on a town house in the square, and then to build out the extensions and the external and internal renovations of the property. The works included landscaping at the back, work to the courtyard, and full scale strip out and restoration of the dilapidating interior.
The square, nearby Fitzroy Street, and the Fitzroy Tavern in Charlotte Street take the name of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton (b.1683), into whose ownership the land passed through his marriage. His grandson, also Charles FitzRoy, developed the area during the late 18th and early 19th century.
The square was built in four stages. Leases for the eastern and southern sides, designed by Robert Adam, were granted in 1792; building began in 1794 and was completed in 1798 by Adam’s brothers James and William. These buildings are fronted in Portland stone brought by sea from Dorset.
The Napoleonic Wars and a slump in the London property market brought a temporary stop to construction of the square after the southern and eastern sides were completed. According to the records of the Squares Frontagers’ Committee, 1815 residents looked out on ‘vacant ground, the resort of the idle and profligate’. The houses are faced with stone, and were designed by the Adams, but the war interrupted building and the design could not be completed.
The northern and western sides were therefore subsequently constructed between 1827-29 and 1832-35, respectively, and are stucco-fronted. The south side suffered bomb damage during World War II and was rebuilt with traditional facades to remain in keeping with the rest of the square.